The Muay Thai also known as Thai Boxing, is a combat sport that has its origins in Mae Mai, an ancient technique Thai fight. The Mae Mai was learned and used by warriors in Thailand that used in war if they lost their arms. On the contrary, the term Muay Thai today identifies mainly the appearance of martial sports.
Features of this deadly martial are the blows inflicted with tibie, elbows and knees. The Muay Thai in English is also known as "The science of the eight limbs" because employs eight points of the body to strike: hands, tibie / feet, elbows, knees. Of particular importance is the conditioning to be applied to shares used to strike: a long and rather painful for beginners, which entails the constant frequency strike with sacks of training hardness gradually increasing - the Thai even use certain types of trees with local trunk very flexible and smooth bark, but seem to be favoured by a physical structure of departure different respects to that typical of Westerners. The Thai professionals, often children of poor families, beginning the practice of young, making their first meetings by children, around 9 years, to be considered fully mature athletes already on 20. The physical training is among the most stringent and sfiancanti of every sport: professionals will train two to three hours twice a day for five to six days a week, running or swim for miles, jumping rope, doing push-ups on his arms and legs , Trazioni the barrier, exercises for the abdominal muscles and neck (important in chap ko or clinch, another peculiarity of Muay Thai, a phase of fighting rose to tip the opponent or enter into his guard) and cimentandosi in round after round of aging technology to pao or colpitori, all under the watchful eye of experts masters ex-combatants, or kru ajarn. And, of course, in sparring, conducted with greater or lesser intensity depending on the level reached, the preparation and condition.
Often, as originally handed down orally, the stories related to Muay Thai are surrounded by a halo legendary. For example, a popular legend says that Nai Khanom Thom, ereditiero prince of the kingdom of Siam (now Thailand), was made prisoner by Burmese, earned freedom impressionando the king of Burma, fighting with bare hands among the 10 strongest Burmese warriors . Some argue that he has won over his freedom, even that of all prisoners who were with him. In any case, for those who practice Muay Thai, it is important to understand that the figure of Nai Khanom Thom represents the spirit of the fighter, Nak Muay: one who do not surrender face of adversity and that with courage and determination dominates events. From that day on 17 March has become the day of Muay Thai.
Other surprising character of Thai tradition is the so-called "King Tigre", whose real name was Pra His Chau. It is said that during his reign, in the early eighteenth century, this is sovereign recasse in the villages under false remains to find fighters to be addressed and measure so its capacity.
The Muay Thai spread since 1500, in the early days of peace of the Siamese people, when citizens organized demonstrations and meetings: it was the practice preferred by civilians, both for fun and for defence personnel (Mae Mai Muay Thai). Then they fought virtually without rules, without weight categories, without limit of time until the submission, all'incoscienza or, tragically, the death of one of the contenders. No guards used apart from a shell to protect the shares intimate and a rope wrapped around the knuckles. Sometimes this venisa soaked in a sort of glue and powdered glass, turning matches into real blood bath.

The real connotation of sport as we understand it was given to Muay Thai during the reign of King Rama VI in BE 2464 (IE 1921 AD), with the introduction of gloves and say egole similar to those of western boxing, already very popular sull'onda of colonialism. The king commanded General Praia Nontisen Surentara Pahdi to build a stadium in Suan Kulab college and organize competitions every Saturday. Over the years the Muay Thai has evolved towards the size sport today coming to us as a sport full, which has not lost its old features, its rites by social and religious meanings, but enriched the appearance playful.
In Thailand this art martial is considered the national sport, and the meetings offer significant opportunity to gain the children that you cimentano. It was noted several times that while the Thai fight often, at least at the beginning, put together for lunch and dinner, aliens (farang) who practice Muay Thai do so, rather than for money (pochini), for the glory. In most encounters, and especially at home, thai have been able to assert their superior experience compared to farang. Some western fighter has been able to overcome them but also at home, such as the legendary Dutch Rammon Dekkers. In general Westerners show a certain advantage in technical pugilistica compared with thai, which instead appear insurmountable for mobility, speed, strength and use of deadly wise and short distance, elbows and knees. Lately sport is also open to women, and with success: the defence staff all'agonismo the step was short for many girls, especially in countries like Holland and France (formerly supreme at European level in men) and the world Anglo-Saxon, but also in Japan and, overcoming the resistance traditional home.
Despite today is considered a sport for all intents and purposes, Muay Thai is considered among the most harsh and demanding specialties between sports combat. Indeed, as mentioned, are allowed to strike with all parts of the body (except the head) almost any opponent and you can make taken to combat and projections. In particular, the Thai-boxers are feared for the use of coups elbow, allowed almost exclusively in Thailand for their dangerousness.
In Italy, Muay Thai has come for the first time in 1979 with master Stephen Giannessi and today going through a phase of development. over the years "some 90 Italian athletes came out in the international field. A recent controversy currently being supporters of the" standard "of Muay Thai to those of Muay Boran. latter, brought to Italy by Marco De Cesaris, is a kind of summa of traditional techniques go gradually lost with the emergence of a Muay Thai inevitably "occidentalizzata" from the rules imposed by the Twenties forward and from contact with the boxing (more sports in which the Thai, combative people have been able to get apply). Techniques traditional sought in the body of knowledge of Thai teachers and reported in auge under the name of Muay Boran are then divided into regional styles: Muay Tha Sao (north), Muay Korat (region dell'Isan or northeast), Muay Lop Buri (central region), Muay Chaiya (south). He says a sentence traditional Punch (fist) Korat, Wit (cunning) Lopburi, Posture (position) Chaiya, Faster (speed) Thasao. Each of these schools has contributed in regional time to the development of art as a whole. muay thai sport is promoted in Italy by the Italian Federation of Muay Thai.

Training Thai physical and spiritual:

The training of Thai-boxer and without doubt one of the most complete and strict: all muscles of the body are exercised in a manner to obtain incessant performance to improve. A standard session includes the following exercises:

* Race and skipping rope for resistance
* Stretching for fluency articulate
* Techniques vacuum in the mirror and to learn specific movements
* Techniques pair to improve reflexes and diagrams of action-reaction
* Working with sacks, to pao and shields for the power of the strokes
* Sparring (lightweight fighter) to learn how to apply in practice everything that was previously studied.

Training usually ends with exercises to strengthen the body free (abdominal, bending the legs and arms) or with the use of weights to improve the general tone of muscles. The characteristics of a good fighter are: Strength - Resistance - Speed - Agility - Coordination - Balance-Scioltezza Articolare - Quick reflexes. Through a serious and constant training, in any way, are also other skills improved even more important: Courage - Determination - Sopportazione - Force of Will - Dedication - Humility - Spirit of Sacrifice. That is why anyone, irrespective of your age or sporting ambitions, may draw great benefit from the practice of quest'Arte Martial: a healthy body and spirit scattante and a calm and secure may be the best prize for every enthusiast.

Combat ends:

The fighting of those times were durissimi and were more comparable to that clashes between gladiators in competitive sports: the contenders in fact were used to bendarsi hands with strips of leather to make their shots maximum strength and effectiveness. Sometimes, replacing strips of leather, the fighters will bendavano hands with ropes impregnated glue which were then immersed in a container containing fragments of glass. The only protection was then allowed a shell of sea all'inguine set with the cloth. They were not provided weight categories, nor time limits: the combat is protraeva until the submission of one of the two fighters.

Rituals pre-combat:

Before a combat some of Muay Thai fighters carry out rituals: what is considered important in Thailand, less in the West where the rituals are respected as cultural expression in the country creator of the art. Some fighters carrying out the rituals outside the ring, others pray with their coach or their own account, for example by tapping the strings of the ring 3 times. The Thai-boxer always climb up the rope to ring as you enter and Thai culture, the head is considered the most important of the feet. It is important to remember to always have his head in front of the foot while you enter the ring. Once inside the fighter goes to the center of the ring and bows to each side. At this point begins the ritual of Wai Kru (or Wai khru ram muay). The Wai Kru usually begins with the fighter who walks around the ring clockwise, seen as a kind of "navigation ring", intended to demonstrate that the battle is only between two fighters present. The ritual is both practical and spiritual in a practical sense is that gymnastics warms the muscles and prepares the body to combat. In Wai Kru there are different movements and steps that a fighter should do before the fighting along with stretching. Some imitate movements such as a hunter, a soldier, a performer. Some use the ritual to frighten his opponent, usually by executing around it, but in a deeper sense the fighter shows religious devotion, humility and gratitude. Trascendendo the physical limitations and time constraints, opens himself to the divine presence and allows him to infuse his heart and his spirit. In ancient times the ritual was intended to show devotion to the King and his mentor, today devotion is addressed to the organizer of the meeting and all'allenatore. The ritual also from the fighter the opportunity to take some time before the meeting to gather ideas and focus. After the dance, the fighter goes to the coach that removes the Mongkon and Pong Malai. The meeting begins after a ripasso general rules's findings and by a stroke of gloves between friendly challengers.